Kidney Transplantation is a surgical procedure that is used to treat kidney failure. The kidneys filter the waste from the blood (Waste) and remove it from the body through the urine. They also help in maintaining your body’s fluid and electrolyte balance. If your kidneys stop working, the waste increases in the body and can make you very sick.
People who have lost their kidneys usually have to undergo a treatment called Dialysis. When the kidneys stop working, this treatment mechanically filters the waste produced in the bloodstream. Some people whose kidneys have failed, can also be said for kidney transplantation, in which one or both kidneys are placed in the donated organ by living or deceased person.
During the implant, the surgeon will put the donated kidney in your body. Even if a person is born with two kidneys, but he can live on a healthy kidney too. The receiver usually receives only one kidney. In rare cases, he can get both kidneys from a dead donor. The diseased kidneys are usually left at their place. The implanted kidneys are placed in the lower part of the stomach.
When kidney transplant surgery is needed
Kidney transplantation is an option for patients whose kidneys have stopped functioning altogether. This condition is called End-Stage Renal Disease, ESRD or End-Stage Kidney Disease, ESKD. On reaching this position, the doctor may suggest you dialysis.
In addition to dialysis, doctors also see that kidney transplantation is right for you or not. You have to be healthy to go through a major surgery and to take a lifetime of medication.
If you have a serious medical problem, kidney transplant can prove to be dangerous for you and it is also likely to fail. You may not have kidney transplants in the following situations:
- The serious illness of the heart,
- Old age
- Has cancer or has cancer ever since,
- Mental illness,
- You eat smoking or alcohol,
- Liver disease,
- Severe infections such as TB, etc.
Preparation for kidney transplant surgery
To prepare for surgery, you have to take care of some of these things and as per your doctor, you must follow the advice:
- Tests Before Surgery
- Anesthesia Testing Before Surgery Before Surgery
- Surgery Planning
- Medication Before Surgery Before Surgery
- Fasting Before Surgery Before Surgery Before Fasting Before Surgery
- Day of Surgery
- General Advice Before Surgery
- Finding the Donor for the Transplant
Transplantation is of two types: the surviving person, usually a family member or someone close to the kidney that is ready to donate and if the blood and tissue of your family member matches your blood and tissues then Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant (Living Donor Kidney Transplant) and a dead (recently) person.
During your investigation, your blood group and human leukocyte antigen, HLA are tested. If your HLA type and donor’s HLA type match, then the chances of kidney failure are reduced greatly by the body. Another possible test is that if you get a possible donor, do not attack your antibodies donor’s organ. In such a very small amount, your blood is checked by mixing it with donor blood.
If antibodies are formed in the blood of donor blood in your blood then the transplant can not be done. And if the results of this investigation and all other investigations are favorable then the implant is planned.
During waiting for the Deceased Donor, the patient continues to follow up with the transplant team until a suitable kidney / kidney becomes available. If symptoms of deterioration in the condition of the patient appear, then the family is generally asked to consider donating a kidney donation.
- Dialysis Before The Procedure
If you are on regular dialysis before surgery, you will be given dialysis even before the procedure of surgery.
If you are waiting for a kidney transplant by a cadaver donor, whose tissue type matches you, then you will have to reach the hospital right away as soon as you get the news of the donor getting from the hospital. After that, antibodies test will be done in the same manner as during the testing of living donors. Surgery can be started if the result is appropriate.
How is kidney transplant surgery done?
As anesthesia begins to fully show its effect, the surgeon bites an incision in the stomach. Then the donor’s kidneys / kidneys are kept inside. After that, the doctors add donor’s kidney / kidney arteries and veins to your arteries and nerves. With this, blood flow will start from the new kidney. Then the new kidney uterine will be linked to your bladder, which will allow you to abort easily. The ureter is the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder. The doctor will keep your actual kidneys in the body until they are causing problems like high blood pressure or infection. The incision will be sewn with the help of surgical threads.
Kidney transplant cost varies according to the health center, medical doctor charges and medical condition of the patient. Get a sorted list of the excellent kidney transplant doctor on your location. And credihealth assist you in comparing kidney transplant cost in Chennai in different hospitals and assist you to book appointments in a trouble-free manner. each step is taken according to your convenience.