It’s 8:00 A.M. in the morning. You are seated on the breakfast table. About to munch on a red and sweet, delicious looking false fruit, which may or may not be an apple. And as soon as you crush in your teeth into the apple, before you could taste the sweetness, you feel a sheer, sharp, and excruciating pain in your teeth and the part underneath them. YES…!! now that’s one sign of a gum disease spreading in your mouth. But, do recall, it’s just one sign, there might be many. Underlying, which goes unnoticed, overlooked and swiftly changes from just a sign to proliferating and thoroughly advancing gum disease. That is why you need to have requisite knowledge about several odd and common gum diseases and their prevention to keep you and your family’s dental health up to date.
1. Gingivitis: Starting with simple underlying symptoms which go unnoticed, Gingivitis is the most basic kind of gum disease which precedes in our gums. The symptoms may include minor bleeding from gums, sheer or mild stinging pain in gums when you bite something, sore gums, yellowish deposit around the base of teeth etcetera. Gingivitis in its juvenile stage is very much reversible and can be treated to never bother you back. The first line of contagion can be checked with regular dental hygiene. According to research, using Azadirachta Indica’s bark and leaves or using oral hygiene products with its extract reduces gingival issues. The reason behind this medicinal property of the plant is that it contains antioxidants in a high amount which resists the formation of plaque and cavities.
2. Periodontitis: Gingivitis’ advanced and proliferated form is Periodontitis. After thrashing the gum tissues, it now proceeds and starts affecting the patient’s jawbone and jawline which is addressed as a serious issue in modern medicine. The reversibility of Periodontitis is somewhat less than Gingivitis but signs that it can be cured are still present. Symptoms for Periodontitis include occasional bad breath, loosening of the tooth from its underlying gum. Redness and swelling of gums are very much visible and distinctive. Pockets start to form up to the depth of 6-7 mm. Periodontitis, if diagnosed in its early stage, can be cured by simple medical approaches like scaling and cleaning of teeth and gum pair. Oral hygiene ointments containing fluoride can also help prevent Periodontitis from maturing into Aggressive Periodontitis.
3. Aggressive Periodontitis: This is the part where the high alert starts getting higher. The pockets get deeper, up to a depth of 8-9mm. Bone loss increases rapidly, the bacteria colony start deteriorating the supporting bone under the gums. At this stage of contagion, the Periodontal Bacteria now infiltrate in the patient’s blood and starts hindering the body’s immune system to a great extent. Getting rid of the plaque and infection with a simplistic medical approach like scaling and cleaning is next to impossible. The patient’s teeth are now more sensitive and can fall anytime, if not taken care of. A medical expert will have to deal with the increasing infection with narrow spectrum antibiotics. In serious cases which are rare, a clinical expert may perform a minor dressing doing an incision with or without the help of a nasal airway kit.
4. Chronic Periodontitis: This disease consists of inflammation of surrounding Gingival tissues and the pockets due to plaque start forming in the surrounding regions. The affected area’s pockets start deepening to an extent of 10 mm. now. Teeth of the patient start to shift and loosen from the gums. The Gingiva tissues and muscle start to recede very rapidly. This advanced disease can only be controlled by a dentist with the help of a medical professional who has IV Certification. After the affected area is sedated, using a process called intraosseous IV, which means sedating a bone or bone tissue by injecting the sedative or analgesic inside the bone marrow, the treatment is carried out by a dental science specialist.
5. Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis: In this severe gum disease, the cause is identified as rupturing of pre-matured cells due to an immune condition called Autolysis. Autolysis is a condition where the cell is said to be suicidal because it dies due to its own enzymes. The enzymes released by lysosomes consumes the cell organelles and cell membrane. This disease is generally observed in patients who are already suffering from autoimmune diseases like HIV. The patients whose immunity is not strong enough to counterattack bacteria due to malnutrition are also prone to Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases. According to research performed by School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Murcia, Spain, the disease is acute and sustains lifelong, the only known cure is to sustain the treatment for as long as possible.
According to Dental Hygiene experts hailing from all over the world, all the above gum diseases, the last one being the only exception, are very much curable if the symptoms are not ignored for a prolonged time. All the major gum and oral diseases can be cured if the following steps are practiced regularly:
- Brush your teeth daily.
- Floss daily or at least once in two days.
- Do not ignore the daily symptoms like redness and soreness of gums.
- Visit a Dentist every 6 months.
- Stop using toothpaste that contains Sodium Lauryl Sulphate if you have any symptoms of any gum disease.
- Stop smoking if you have Aggressive Periodontitis.
- Don’t ignore sharp pain when you chew something, immediately consult a Dentist.